One man is dead and another is in critical condition following a head-on crash near San Diego. California Highway Patrol has confirmed the death of a 44-year-old man from out of state. A second driver, a 67-year-old man, was seriously injured in the fatal car accident. Police have not filed charges in this case, but they are still investigating the cause.

According to the report, around 4 p.m. the afternoon of Jan. 13, the younger driver entered Interstate 5 going the wrong direction off of State Route 163. The driver traveled across all lanes of I-5 before crashing headlong into a minivan headed the opposite direction. He them hit the concrete divider. The force of the impact trapped both drivers in their vehicles, requiring fire services to extricate them.

The younger driver succumbed to his injuries and was pronounced dead on the scene. The older driver suffered injuries described as critical, and he was rushed to a local hospital for treatment. His current condition is unknown. Police do not believe intoxication was a factor in this crash, though they did note that some inexperienced drivers become confused while navigating California highways, which they believe may have played a role in this tragic accident.

Charges will not be filed against the deceased driver posthumously, but California law allows the injured man to file a personal injury suit against the driver’s estate in civil court. When a fatal car accident also causes serious injury, a civil court may rule to award damages to the injured party if a driver’s error or other material contribution to the accident can be proven. This is particularly true if the injured person suffers long-term effects from the accident.