A spinal cord injury can be devastating. Depending on where on the spine the injury happens, the victim could be left paralyzed from the waist down, or be paralyzed in all four limbs. This latter condition is known as quadriplegia.
Quadriplegia is known as tetraplegia in Europe. According to Disabled World, it is caused by an injury to the brain or the first seven bones of the spine. Damage to these body parts can cause a secondary injury to the spinal cord, which doctors call a "lesion." The lesion can cause the victim's limbs to have limited to no movement.